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  • How to Install Windows From a Flash Drive

    Posted on January 27th, 2010 admin 2 comments

    The first thing you need to do is download the three files below and save them on your desktop.

    Once you have these downloaded, extract and separately. Then, copy everything from the PeToUSB folder to the USBprep folder. Now, copy the USBprep folder and place it in C:\

    Also, extract and put these files directly in the C:\ directory as well.

    Next, you need to put your Windows CD in your optical drive and copy all of the contents from it over to a folder in the C:\ directory. I named mine “XP” so it would be easier to recall later.

    Navigate to the USBprep folder in C:\ and double click the usb_prep8.cmd file (yours may or may not have the .cmd extension based on the Windows settings you are using. You can enable file extensions by clicking Tools, Folder Options, View tab, then unticking “Hide extensions for known file types” in the Advanced Settings list).

    Clicking usb_prep8.cmd opens up the black and white command screen you see above. Follow the directions on-screen by clicking any button and you will be greeted with another window, PeToUSB. If you have your flash drive plugged in, the program should detect it and list it under the destination drive.

    Click “Start” in the PeToUSB window, select “Yes” to continue then again click “Yes” when it asks if you are sure you want to repartition and format the disk. Once complete, click “Ok”.

    Leave all of these windows open and go to “Start”, then “Run” and type in “cmd” to bring up the console window.

    Type “cd c:\”, without the quotes and press Enter.

    Now type “bootsect /nt52 M:”, without the quotes. In this example, “M” represents the letter of my flash drive. Yours will likely be different so be sure to check beforehand (it should be listed beside your device name in PeToUSB - if not there, simply double click My Computer on your desktop and locate the drive letter there.) then press Enter.

    The command window will inform you that Bootcode was successfully updated on all target volumes.

    Now, close out of the current command window and also close PeToUSB. Doing this will bring up a new set of options in the original command window, as seen above.

    Press “1″ then Enter and you will be asked to browse to the folder that you copied Windows to. Select the folder then click “OK”.

    Click back on the command window and press “2″ then Enter. You will be asked to enter a drive letter that is not already taken. You may want to check in My Computer to be sure you select a letter that isn’t already being used. In the screenshot above, I selected “O”. Press Enter after selecting your drive letter of choice.

    Press “3″ then Enter and you will be asked for the drive letter of your flash drive. This is the same letter that you used earlier in bootsect. For me, that letter is “M”. Input the letter and press Enter.

    Finally, press “4″ then Enter. You will be asked if you want to proceed with the format. Type “Y” then press Enter.

    The system will pause a moment while the format takes place. Then you will be asked to press any key to continue… do so. This starts the first phase of the process which will take a few minutes.

    Once again, you will be prompted to press any key to continue… do so. Another dialog box will pop up, asking you if you want to start the file copy. Click “Yes”. The command window will again activate and start copying files to the flash drive which will take a few minutes.

    After a bit, you will be asked if you would like USB-stick to be Preferred Boot Drive. Click “Yes”.

    Finally, a dialog box asks if you would like to unmount the Virtual Drive. Click “Yes”.

    That’s it, you are done! You can close the command window and any other relevant windows that may still be open.

    But, we are not done. Now comes time to install XP, which as you will find out, is a bit of a different process when using a flash drive. Continue ahead as we walk through this procedure.

    Installing XP

    Once you have your flash drive loaded with XP, it’s time to install it. As mentioned earlier, you need to be sure that your computer supports booting from a USB drive.
    Plug in the flash drive then turn on the computer and go into the BIOS (usually by pressing the Delete key at the POST screen). In the BIOS, you will need to set the flash drive as the first boot device, usually called something like “USB Hard Drive”. Save and exit to reboot the system.

    You will be greeted with the screen you see above which gives you two options: TXT mode or GUI mode. Select TXT mode for now.
    Setup will load as normal, but there is one catch that you need to be aware of here. If you are formatting your hard drive and creating a new partition, you will need to turn off the computer immediately after the partition has been formatted (before Windows starts copying files over). Turn the system back on, boot back into TXT mode then direct Windows to leave the current file system intact. This is done because the flash drive can’t copy to the new partition unless the computer is restarted and the flash drive is allowed to recognize the new partition. Strange, yes, but that’s just how it works. If you aren’t creating a new partition, then just carry on as usual.

    Once all of the setup files are loaded, the computer will reboot. This time, select GUI mode and continue your installation as you normally would with a CD. It is important that you don’t remove the flash drive until you are totally finished with the installation or you may corrupt the install and have to start over again.

    This guide should allow you to quickly and easily install Windows XP on a computer without an optical drive such as a netbook. You can, however, use this method on any computer to speed up the installation process, as it is much faster to install from a flash drive versus an optical drive.

  • Configure Kaspersky To Allow File and Print Sharing

    Posted on January 12th, 2010 admin No comments

    File and print sharing are a convenient feature in Windows XP but have some security issues. Strong measures such as firewalls are key to the safety of a network. However, if not configured properly, such software can actually block access to file and print sharing. Most vendors provide documentation which explains the correct way to set this. Kaspersky Internet Security is a very strong application which can be configured to protect each computer but also allow access to file and print sharing at the same time. It also has built-in anti-virus, pop-up blocker and a large database of virus definitions which it uses to detect threats and other intrusions. It actively protects im such a way that it prevents infections before they can install themselves. It is effective in restricting unauthorized connections to shares from over the Internet without blocking them from legitimate machines inside the LAN. The best part is that Kaspersky comes with a 3-user license allowing it to be installed on up to 3 computers at once, perfect for protecting a small LAN.

    Here are the step-by-step instructions to configure Kaspersky to allow file and print sharing:

    1. Open Kaspersky Internet Security 7.0
    2. Click the ‘Settings’ button. This opens the main settings window.
    3. In the menu on the left, click the black box to the left of where it says ‘Protection’ to expand the list of options beneath it (if it is not already expanded).
    4. Click ‘Firewall’. This opens the firewall options.
    5. Under ‘Filtration System’, click the ‘Settings…’ button. This opens another settings window.
      Note: Be careful, there are two of these buttons on the same screen under different categories. Make sure to click the one towards the top.
    6. Click the ‘Zones’ tab.
    7. Highlight the zone for your network adapter by clicking it once. You can find the correct zone by scrolling to the right and looking under the ‘Description’ column. If it lists the name of an ethernet card as the descirption then that is the one.
      Note: If you have two adapters, for instance one wireless and one ethernet, you will need to do this to whichever one is used for sharing. Both adapters can be set for this as well, if needed.
    8. Under ‘Rule decscription (click underline parameters to edit):’ find where it says ‘Zone Status: Internet’. The word ‘Internet’ is in blue letters with an underline. Click it twice so it changes to “Local Network”.
      Note: Do not use the ‘Trusted’ setting. It is very insecure.
    9. Click ‘OK’.
    10. Click ‘OK’ on the previous Window.
    11. Close Kaspersky. Do not worry, this does not close the entire program. It will still be running and guarding the PC.
    12. Do this to all PCs which will be used to share files and/or printers.